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Hommes et territoires aux XIXe et XXe siècles - Corpus de textes


15 mai 1902 - Traité anglo-éthiopien sur les frontières du Soudan
His Majesty Edward VII by the Grace of God, King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, Emperor of India, and His Majesty Menelek II, by the Grace of God, King of Kings of Ethiopia, being animated with the desire to confirm the friendly relations between the twa Powers and to settle the frontier between the Soudan and Ethiopia, and His Majesty King Edward, having appointed as His Plenipotentiary Lieutenant-Colonel John Lane Harrington, a Commander of the Royal Victorian Order, His Majesty’s agent at the court of His Majesty Menelek II, King of Kings of Ethiopia, whose full power have been found in due and proper form, and His Majesty the Emperor Menelek, negociating in his own name as King of Kings of Ethiopia, they have agreed upon and do conclude the following Articles, which shall be binding on themselves, their heirs and successors :
Art. 1 - The frontier between the Soudan and Ethiopia agreed on between the two Governments shall be : the line which is marked in red on the map annexed to this Treaty in duplicate, and traced from Khor Um Hagar to Gallabat, to the Bleue Nile, Baro, Pibor, and Akobo River to Melile, thence to the intersection of the 6th degree of north latitude with the 35th degree longitude east of Greewich.
Art. 2 - The boundary, as defined in Art. 1, shall be delimited and marked on the ground by a joint Boundary Commission, which shall be nominated by the two High Contracting Parties, who shall notify the same to their subjects after delimitation.
Art. 3 : His Majesty the Emperor Menelek II, King of Kings of Ethiopia, engages himself towards the Governement of His Britannic Majesty not to construct, or allow to be constructed, any work across the Blue Nile, Lake Tsana, or the Sobat which would arrest the flow of their waters into the Nile except in agreement with His Britannic Majesty’s Government and the Government of the Soudan.
Art. 4 - His Majesty the Emperor Menelek, King of Kings od Ethiopia, engages himself to allow His Brittanic Majesty’s Government and the Government of the Soudan to select in the neighbourhoof of Itang [finalement ce sera Gambela], on the Baro River, a block of territory having a river frontage of not more than 2 000 metres, in area not exceeding 40 hectares, which shall be leased to the Governement of the Soudan, to be administred and occupied as a commercial station, so long as the Soudan is under Anglo-Egyptian Governement. It is agreed between the two Hogh Contracting Parties that the territory so leased shall not be used for any politivcal or military purpose.
Art. 5 - His Majesty the Emperor Menelek, King of Kings of Ethiopia, grants His Britannic Majesty Government and the Government of Soudan the right to construct a railway through Abyssinian territoty to connect the Soudan with Uganda.
A route for the railway will be settled by mutual agreement between the two High Parties.
The present treaty shall come into force as soon as its ratification by His Britannic Majesty Shall have been notified to the Emperor of Ethiopia.
In faith of which His Majesty Menelek II, King of Kings of Ethiopia, in his own name, and Lieutenant-Colonel John Lane Harrigton, on behalf of His Majesty King Edward VII, King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, Emperor of India, have signed the present treaty, in duplicate, written in the English and Amharic languagesn identically, both texts being officials, and have thereto affixed their seals.

Done at Addis Abeba, the 15th day of May, 1902
Ratification notifiée le 28/10/1902.
Référence Herstlett, «Map of Africa by Treaty»
Pour citer ce document djibouti.frontafrique.org/?doc97, mis en ligne le 5 novembre 2010, dernière modification le 5 novembre 2010, consulté le 17 décembre 2017.

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